Because John C. Fremont was on a topographical expedition into areas claimed by Mexico, he chose not to carry a regular U.S. flag. Instead, his wife, Jessie, drew and made this flag using elements of design taken from the Stars and Stripes and Army regimental flags. The white canton featured twenty-six stars, outlined in blue, in two undulating waves above and below a blue eagle clutching in its talons nine blue arrows and a red and white peace pipe, the latter being a more recognizable sign of peace to the Indians than the classic olive branch. This flag is displayed in tthe library of the Southwest Museum in Los Angeles, California.

Flag Designs